Start Ice cream Manufacturing Business Plan and Report

Start Ice cream Manufacturing Business Plan and Report– In winter or summer, many people love to eat ice cream. Ice cream is the favorite dessert for children as well as old people. So the demand for the ice cream never go out of market. If you want to start a business, you can start ice cream manufacturing business as it can be very profitable. There are many brands which earn millions of rupees selling ice creams but still the demand is so high that you can also sell your ice cream in the market.

There are many types of ice cream in today’s time which kids like the most like candy ice cream, soft ice cream, etc. There are many special ice cream made for people who have problems with lactose and gluten. For such people, lactose free ice cream and gluten free ice cream is like the dream come true as they can enjoy eating an ice cream without any worries for their health.

From such huge varieties, you can say that many people love eating ice creams. In this article, lets discuss all the factors to start ice cream manufacturing business like investment, raw materials, process, area requirement and profit margin.

Machines and Equipment

In ice cream manufacturing business, most of the machines will be related to the freezing. You don’t require a lot of machineries to start this business. Some of the basic machine which you will require are:

  • Pasteurizer
  • Homogenizer
  • Cream Separator
  • Heat Exchanger
  • Ageing Tank
  • Ice Candy Making Machine
  • Continuous Freezer
  • Ice Cream Stick Packing Machine
  • Ice Cream Hardener

Some other Equipment you will need are:

  • Collection Tanks
  • Storage Tanks
  • Ice Cream Moulds
  • Other Handling Equipment

Area Requirement

If you are planning to start the small scale ice cream manufacturing business, then you will require a small area of approx. 450 to 500 Sq.ft. Starting a large scale ice cream manufacturing business needs an area of 4000 Sq.ft. Area also depends upon the size and capacity of your plant.

Raw Materials

Raw materials which are used to make ice creams are easily available in the market at the cheap prices. If you have the appropriate raw materials then you can easily make ice creams even at your home and sell them as home made ice creams. Some of the basic raw materials you will need are:

  • Milk
  • Sugar
  • Ice Cream Stabilizers
  • Emulsifier
  • Flavours
  • Essence
  • Food Colours
  • Ice Cream Sticks
  • For Packaging materials you will need Cups, Cone and Boxes.


First step to make ice creams is to make the liquid base which require fresh milk. You can get milk directly from the farmers or from the dairy with proper quality checking. Then you have to heat the milk for 40 degree Celsius so as to separate the cream from the milk.

When the cream is separated from the milk, next the milk undergoes the process of standardisation and balance the fat content in the milk. Then the sugar is added in the require quantity. The exact amount is not disclosed by any company as they have the proper recipe to make their product standout in the market.

If you want to standout in the market then you have to make the process of making ice cream different from common methods like adding different flavours and materials. When the sugar is added in the milk then it is transferred to the pasteurizer tank where stabilisers and emulsifier is mixed in appropriate quantity. The process of pasteurization takes place and the milk mixture is warm till 80 degree Celsius for 30 minutes. This process reduce the harmful microorganisms present in the milk.

Then the milk is passed to the homogenizer using pumps where the fats globules present in the milk undergo the molecular breakdown under high pressure forced flow. Now your liquid base is ready. To make soft ice cream, the milk base is send to ageing tank to age where the temperature is set to 4 to 5 degree Celsius. The mixture is allow to cool down for approx. 4 to 8 hours. This process cools down and crystallize the fats in the milk.

After the ageing the ice cream mixture is transferred to the flavouring tank where flavours like Vanilla, Chocolate, etc are added. Then the mixture is passed to the continuous freezer where the ice cream gets ready. When the ice cream is ready it is send to the packaging area for packaging in cups, cones and bricks manually or automatically.

Investment and Profitability

To start ice cream manufacturing business, the cost of machineries and equipment will be approx. 12 Lakhs rupees. If you want to start the business on the large scale, then the cost will be approx. 50 Lakhs rupees. The investment can vary according to the project size and capacity like semi automatic or fully automatic plant.

If you have the capacity of 500 Litres of ice cream product per day and the rate of ice cream in the market is 100 rupees per litre then you will have the sales of 45000 to 50000 rupees per day. If you remove the cost of the raw materials and other expenses, you can easily earn 10000 to 12000 per day.

Power Requirement

To start the ice cream making business, the power requirement depends upon the capacity and machineries type like semi automatic or fully automatic, generally you will require approx. 20 to 25 kW of electrical load.


You can start this business with approx. 9 to 10 people in which two operator, three unskilled and other workers are included.


  • GST

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  • PM FME
  • Stand Up India


How to start ice cream manufacturing business plan?

To start the ice cream manufacturing business plan, you will require all the information like Machines, Investment, profit margin, equipment, and schemes.

Investment required to start ice cream manufacturing business

The investment depend upon the capacity and the size of the plant.

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